What you should know about keeping mules

 

Just like horses, mules are equine animals, and it is said that they need the same type of care bigger counterparts. However, there are some differences between them. A lot of these differences depend on the age and weight of the mule. This is one of the most important reasons to check an equine veterinarian before deciding how to take care of a mule and how to feed the animal.

 

Food

It is crucial for mules’ health to maintain their weight, so it is essential to create a personalized diet, according to it. However, they usually eat fruits and vegetables. But you have to take care not to leave the poor animal to starve for more than 8 hours, since it may be bad for the health.

Activity

Since the muscle composition of mules is a bit different from that of the horses, it is necessary to establish certain exercises that mules have to practice daily. And they may differ from those assigned to horses. It is absolutely necessary for your mule to engage in some type of physical exercises on a daily basis, because, if not, they may get sick.

 

Training

Mules are “sensitive” creatures, if we can say so. They require a more kind and attentive treatment than horses. They are able to feel your respect. If you do not treat them well, with logic and perseverance, they will not respect you, as well, and will not listen to you. Believe it or not, mules are very intelligent creatures and they will not just do what you say, this is why you have to speak clearly to them and explain why they have to do what you ask them to. A mule will not do something that has no sense.

Moreover, if you have been asking yourself if you should hire a trainer for your mule, then we can give you an answer. You should not. If you think that you will not face the problems that may show up in the process of training a mule, you can hire a trainer just to guide you. But you are the owner of the animal and you are the only one that has to train this intelligent creature. Otherwise, you will never gain the respect of the mule.

As soon as you gain the trust of your mule, you will have one of the most loyal animals in the world, and you will be surprised at what a willing and intelligent creature a mule may be.

Thus, if you plan to train such an animal, these tips can be crucial in the process. Just one step in the wrong the direction and you can lose your mule’s trust forever.

Are Guinea pigs healthy pets?

 

I’m a great animal lover and if I could, I would keep as many animals as possible in order to show them my love and devotion. Unfortunately, I can only afford to keep just a few pets, as I don’t have the necessary means to create and look after an entire zoo.

I love all animals but I don’t think all of them would make great pets. In fact, I think people should stick to common house pets such as dogs, cats, turtles, and rodents. Out of all rodents, I find Guinea pigs extremely intriguing and I reckon they are the perfect pets for kids and youngsters.

But exactly how healthy are Guinea pigs? Here is everything worth knowing about these animals before adopting one.

 

 

What to expect from a Guinea pig as a pet

For starters, you should know that Guinea pigs are extremely social animals so they will need a constant companion. They often feel lonely and require a partner, and this is why you should never have just one Guinea pig, but at least two.

These rodents are extremely cuddly, clever, and goofy. They are the perfect animals for children and tend to create strong emotional bonds with their owners. Adopting and owning Guinea pigs is also quite convenient as these are low-maintenance animals that only require food, water, and plenty of room to exercise and explore.

It is also important to know that Guinea pigs are nocturnal animals so they are mainly active during the night and sleep during the day. Thus, if you have children that need to wake up early in the morning, I don’t suggest placing the pets’ cage in the same room as your children.

 

Grooming and hygiene

These animals care a lot about their personal hygiene so they don’t usually require baths. However, if you think they are too dirty, you can try cleaning them gently using unscented baby wipes instead of getting them into the water.

Guinea pigs can have quite long hair so their fur needs to be constantly brushed to avoid tangling. Their nails also need to be clipped once a month or so. Similar to many animals, their teeth have a natural yellow shade, and these don’t require special or additional care.

It is important to keep in mind that Guinea pigs are one of the few animals that cannot produce their own vitamin C so they need to get it directly from their diets! Make sure to include fresh fruits and veggies with lots of vitamin C, D, A, and E for healthy pets.

 

Health problems

There are several red flags that might point to health affections for Guinea pigs such as weight loss, hair loss, diarrhea, skin lesions, overgrown teeth, and others.

 

10 fun facts about hedgehogs

Some people are scared when it comes to having a hedgehog as a pet. Even though their entire body is covered with tiny spikes, these little creatures are an excellent help in keeping the garden pests issues away. Just keep in mind that they roll themselves into a ball when they feel in danger or in a vulnerable position. Otherwise, they are a cute companion that likes to eat, sleep, exercise, and repeat. Here you have an interesting list of cool facts that might blow your mind.

  • You might be surprised to learn that there are 14 different species of hedgehogs that live in Europe, Asia, and Africa.

 

  • Apparently, hedgehogs got their name because they have the tendency of foraging for goodies especially in hedges or undergrowth places. Moreover, they actually do a grunting noise, similar to what pigs sound. Hedgehogs are often called urchins or hedgepigs.

 

  • Hedgehogs are basically tiny mammals that weigh no more than 1.5 pounds per average. They are between 7 to 12 inches and have a pointed muzzle and four little legs. Depending on the type, they can have either small or long ears. Since their eyesight is quite poor, they rely mostly on their sense of smell or hearing.

 

  • If you didn’t know, their spines are modified hair which is hollow and stiff. Actually, their tiny spikes are made from keratin and have less than 1 inch. The most important aspect is that these spines aren’t barbed or poisonous, compared to the porcupine. Each hedgehog has approximately 5,000 to 6,000 spines on the body which are replaced every year. If they are threatened they will roll into a ball and protect their little face and belly.

 

  • Although hedgehogs are insectivorous, they do eat bird eggs, mushrooms, earwigs, bees, mice, snails, and frogs. Also, they can’t say no to berries, watermelon, and bananas.

 

  • The female hedgehog is the sow while the male is the boar. Their babies are called hoglets. Nevertheless, after mating the boar leaves the saw and leaves her alone, to raise the baby hedgehogs. The gestation of the female is about 32 days. After 40 or 40 days, the hoglets separate from their mothers.

 

  • Because they are nocturnal animals, they only come out to eat when the dark arises. All day long, they take naps in their nest made of leaves or in the holes located in the ground. You won’t see them in pair because they enjoy solitude.

 

  • Hedgehogs live, on an average, from 2 to 7 years, depending on the species. Even though they don’t have many predators to fear, they are prone to several health conditions, including ovarian, mammary, and uterine tumors. Males can suffer from jaw or testicular cancer.

 

  • The reason why you should appreciate having a hedgehog in your garden is that these tiny animals eat pests that harm your harvest. Beetles and caterpillars have no chance when you have a hedgehog savior that keeps your garden healthy and great shape.

 

  • Just like bears, hedgies hibernate during the winter season. Plus, they go through a process called aestivation, known as summer sleep. These situations occur in the desert or dry places.

How to care for a pet hedgehog

Unlike other exotic pets, hedgehogs have certain food requests. Plus, they are covered with tiny little spikes that come to life when they feel attacked. Those quills are basically their only weapon against predators so you need to handle them carefully if you plan on taking a hedgehog as your house pet.

One first aspect you need to learn about is related to their diet. Even though hedgehogs are primarily insectivores, they do eat things that crawl or creep. They like to eat all sorts of worms and crickets. However, you should stick as much as possible to formulated hedgehog kibble. The main reason why this type of food is more preferred is that it contains mashed up insects and plenty of vitamins and minerals that are mandatory for a balanced diet.

 

 

Although some hedgie owners tend to use cat food or dog food, try to avoid them because it needs a certain level of protein in its diet. Kibbles made for dogs or kittens have a higher level of proteins which is not recommended for hedgehogs. You’ll find plenty of good and affordable options online or in pet stores.

As far as their housing goes, you must understand that the best hedgehog houses provide enough room for them to sleep, move and play according to their desire. You can use cages made for rabbits or even guinea pigs just try to avoid cages with wire grate bottoms because hedgehogs have small feet and they can suffer injuries if they fall through the grates.

 

Furthermore, place a soft bedding made of towels or recycled paper so you can change them on a regular basis. Plus, these fabrics are suitable for their sensitive feet.

In addition to the cage and bed, hedgehogs are active livings that need a running wheel where they can play. Don’t forget to put in their house a hide box, as well as a water and a food bowl. Daily or every second day, check their cage and make sure the running wheel is cleaned. Fecal matter can cause foot infections on hedgehogs so they need a clean space in order to be healthy.

These running wheels are extremely important because hedgehogs can run miles daily and since you intend to keep them in an enclosed area, they must stick to their natural habits.


If you don’t comply with their needs for physical activity, they can become depressed, overweight and even suffer from foot sores. Just like you need a good workout that keeps you in good shape, hedgehogs don’t differ much from humans.  

The most common type of hedgehogs used for pets is the African pygmy. This one has a lot of quills but they are funny animals that can be a tad tame.

Typically, hedgehogs don’t like to be handled, especially when doing their dental checkups. They can roll into and put their spines at the front when scared. However, younger hedgehogs are more easy to deal with so it’s best to get one when it’s six to eight weeks of age.